Linköping University is pooling its resources in terms of environmental research at the Department of Thematic Studies. The Unit of Water and Environmental Studies and CSPR (Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research) are joining forces, to form the Unit of Environmental Change.
Eva Lövbrand has co-authored a paper on the future role of the IPCC. A central question discussed in the paper is how global expert institutions can become more reflexive and responsive to transnational forms of climate governance.
Planting and conserving forests is good for the climate. In REDD, a mechanism of the UN climate agreement, poor countries are rewarded for exactly this. But the way REDD is set up at present, there is a great risk that deforestation is not prevented, but rather moved to a different country. A different way of measuring emissions is presented in a thesis at the Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
The expansion of agriculture is the single most important cause of deforestation in the tropics. Commercial agriculture in particular is expanding rapidly. In 2007, one-third of all agricultural land in Brazil was used for export agriculture, in particular soya beans that are used in animal feed.
The forests function as carbon sinks–that is, they hold carbon dioxide. Conserving the forests is therefore valuable in fighting the increasing amounts of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere. In the REDD system, developing countries are compensated financially if they can reduce their deforestation (REDD = Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation). Indonesia is one country that has received compensation for limiting tree felling when the cultivation of palms for palm oil is expanding.
In the article Rendering Global Change Problematic: The Constitutive Effects of Earth System Research in the IGBP and IHDP Ola Uhrqvist and Eva Lövbrand trace how ecology, land-use change and social conditions has emerged as key drivers in the understanding of the Earth System.
Last updated: 2014-07-01